The concepts of violence and harassment change with societal dynamics and go beyond a face-to-face confrontation between two people. Harassing behavior can occur over a telephone line, in writing, and, thanks to modern technology, over the Internet.
Among the various violent behaviors, the following emerge as particularly common across EU Member States: sexting, submission of nasty messages or emails, threats through the use of ICTs, spreading fake information/defamation, posting humiliating videos or photos without consent, personification in the form of hacking into social network accounts, stalking, blackmailing, happy slapping, name calling, and exclusion.
Although online harassment may be carried out in different ways, the detrimental effects that such behaviours can have on the life of victims are psychological maladjustment, social isolation, feelings of unsafety.
Who is harassed: Age and gender are most closely associated with the experience of online harassment. Among online adults:
Young adults, those 18-29, are more likely than any other demographic group to experience online harassment.
Young women, those 18-24, experience certain severe types of harassment at disproportionately high levels: 26% of these young women have been stalked online, and 25% were the target of online sexual harassment. In addition, they do not escape the heightened rates of physical threats and sustained harassment common to their male peers and young people in general.
Can awareness-raising on gender stereotypes and on the sexualisation of women in digital media support the prevention of sexual violence and harassment against women and girls? The CONVEY project sets out to answer this question.
Through the development of an online game and the implementation of a training programme for teachers and students of secondary schools, the project will aim to foster the respect of women’s rights and to change the behaviour of young people that reinforces gender stereotypes and leads to gender violence.
The project implementation started on September 1st 2016 through the work of the experienced project partners: Gender Alternatives Foundation (Bulgaria), Hope for Children (Cyprus), The Smile of the Child (Greece), Sexual Violence Centre Cork (Ireland), Westminster City Council (UK).
The project is funded by the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programmer of the DG Justice and Consumers of the European Union.
 CYBERBULLYING AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE (STUDY) - Directorate General For Internal Policies Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights And Constitutional Affairs Civil Liberties, Justice And Home Affairs, p.28 (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2016/571367/IPOL_STU(2016)571367_EN.pdf)
 Ibid. p.28
 Online Harassment http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/10/22/online-harassment/